The references listed here provide background information on Columbia River Basin fish and wildlife issues and on the ecological approach to fish and wildlife management embodied in the framework. Full text and/or summaries are available on-line for highlighted titles. Printed versions may be viewed at the StreamNet Library, 729 Oregon, Suite 190, Portland, OR 97232, (503) 238-0667.
Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission. 1995. Wy-Kan-Ush-Mi-Wa-Kush-Wit: The Spirit of the Salmon. Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission, Portland, OR.
Cone, J., and S. Ridlington. 1996. The northwest salmon crisis: A documentary history. Oregon State University Press, Corvallis, OR.
Fish and Wildlife Managers of the Columbia River Basin. 1997. Multi-year implementation plan : for the protection, restoration, and enhancement of Columbia River Basin fish and wildlife resources(CBFWA review draft). Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, OR.
Frissell, C. A., W. J. Liss, R. E. Gresswell, R. K. Nawa, and J. L. Ebersole. 1996. A resource in crisis: changing the measure of salmon management. Pages 411-444 in D. J. Stouder, P. A. Bisson, and R. J. Naiman, eds. Pacific salmon and their ecosystems. Chapman and Hall, New York.
Independent Scientific Group. 1996. Return to the river: restoration of salmonid fishes in the Columbia River ecosystem. Northwest Power Planning Council, Portland, OR.
McIntosh, B. A., J. R. Sedell, J. E. Smith, R. C. Wissmar, S. E. Clarke, G. H. Reeves, and L. A. Brown. 1990. Historical changes in fish habitat for select river basins of Eastern Oregon and Washington. Northwest Science 68: 36-53.
Naiman, R. and Bilby R.E. eds. 1998. River ecology and management : Lessons from the Pacific coastal ecoregion. Springer-Verlag. New York, NY.
National Research Council. 1996. Upstream: Salmon and society in the Pacific Northwest. National Academy Press, Washington, DC.
Northwest Power Planning Council. 1997. An integrated framework for fish and wildlife managment in the Columbia River Basin. Northwest Power Planning Council, NPPC 97-2. Portland, OR.
Northwest Power Planning Council, 1998. A proposed scientific foundation for the restoration of fish and wildlife in the Columbia River. Northwest Power Planning Council, NPPC 98-16. Portland, OR.
Northwest Power Planning Council and the Agencies and Tribes of the Columbia Basin Fish and Wildlife Authority, 1990. Salmon and Steelhead production plans (31 individual subbasin plans). Northwest Power Planning Council. Portland, OR.
Quigley, T. M., and S. J. Arbelbide. 1997. An assessment of ecosystem components in the interior Columbia Basin (4 volumes). U.S. Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station, Portland, OR.
Volkman, John M., 1996. A river in common: the Columbia River, the salmon ecosystem, and water quality. Western Water Policy Review Advisory Commission, Denver, CO.
Wissmar, R. C., J. E. Smith, B. A. McIntosh, H. W. Li, G. H. Reeves, and J. R. Sedell. 1994. A history of resource use and disturbance in riverine basins of Eastern Oregon and Washington (Early 1880-1990s). Northwest Science 68: 1-35.